The European emergency number 112 is not the only emergency number in Italy.

Below are the emergency telephone numbers for Italy. Simply dial these numbers from anywhere in the country.
  • 12 - Telephone Directory Assistance Number
  • 112 - Carabinieri
  • 113 - Emergency Police Help Number (also ambulance and fire)
  • 115 - Fire Department
  • 116 - A.C.I. (Italian Automobile Club) road assistance.
  • 118 - Medical Emergencies

Notes on Italy's Emergency Phone Numbers

Public telephones are available in Salerno, but there are few of them. These days most operate by use of a phone card (Carta Telefonica) which may be purchased at any newsstand, tobacco shop or at many bars.

The functions of the Carabinieri and the Police in Italian society are overlapping. The Carabinieri are a sort of local branch of military police derived from the ancient Corps of the Royal Carabinieri instituted by Vittorio Emanuel in 1814, who gave the Carabinieri the dual function of national defense and policing with special powers and prerogatives.

Public National Healthcare Service
With their European Health Insurance Card visitors from EU/EEA States can go directly to ASL doctors (Public National Healthcare Service).
For a list of doctors and outpatient schedules visit ASL Salerno
Non-EU visitors can apply for voluntary registration with the SSN (National Health Service) and obtain an European Health Insurance Card that has the same duration as the residence permit. To register with the Italian National Health Service, non-EU visitors must apply to the ASL office, via Vernieri 1, first floor, from monday to friday 8:30-12:30 – phone +39 (0) 89 694255, presenting a personal identity document, residence permit and self-certification of residence. The registration cost for the current year is € 149,77.

The doctor on duty (guardia medica)

In Italy, the doctor on duty (guardia medica) is a free health care service you can contact by phone in emergency cases during the night, weekends and on holidays.
By calling this number, a doctor will give you advice and make an in-home examination if needed. After examination and first treatment, he can prescribe medicines, issue medical certificates and suggest hospital admission.
ASL Salerno : Guardia Medica
Address: via Vernieri 1
Phone: +39 (0) 89 5647306


Salerno's general hospital is located in the city's suburbs, approximately 10 minutes from the city centre.
Hospital admission occurs on written medical prescription from the ASL doctor. In case of accident or life-threatening situations you can call the emergency phone number 118 or go directly to the first aid section that provides first treatment in case of health emergency.
For more information regarding Hospital, consult:

Ospedale S. Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi D'Aragona‎
Address: Via San Leonardo, 1
Phone: +39 (0) 89 671111
website:San Giovanni di Dio Ruggi d'Aragona


Medications can only be purchased at pharmacies. Information regarding opening hours, night and weekend service can be found Pharmacists Salerno and on information boards at each pharmacy.
Pharmacies in Italy are denoted by a green cross on a white background.

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